The Talmud teaches: “Welcoming guests is greater than welcoming the presence of the Sh’chinah” (Shabbos 127).

In Parshas VaYeira, Avraham sat at the opening of his tent in the extreme temperatures while recovering from his bris milah to look for guests so that he can do chesed. Avraham Avinu sees three men in the distance, and he ran out to greet them. The Midrash Rabbah explains that these three men were actually angels sent by Hashem to each carry out one mission.

Although they are not named in the Torah, the Talmud in Bava M’tzia tells us that they were Rafael, Michael, and Gavriel. The mission of Rafael that day was to heal Avraham, to free him so that he could perform the mitzvah of hachnasas orchim, the greeting of visitors. The mission of the second angel, Michael, was to tell Sarah that she will be healed of her infertility. The mission of Gavriel was to heal Lot (along with Rafael) and destroy Sodom and Amorah.

The Torah describes Avraham’s hachnasas orchim: “Avraham hastened to the tent to Sarah and said: Hurry! Three s’ahs of meal, fine flour! Knead and make cakes.” (B’reishis 18:6). We find in the Gemara that many generations later Avraham Avinu was rewarded for everything he did on this particular day when Hashem gave something corresponding to the Jewish nation in the desert many years later. The Gemara, however, finds something lacking in one of Avraham’s good deeds.  As it states, “Let some water be brought (through someone else)” (B’reishis 18:4). Avraham did not bring the water himself; instead, he brought it through a messenger. Years later, Hashem sent Moshe Rabbeinu to bring the water: “and you (Moshe) shall strike the rock and water will come forth from it and the people will drink” (Sh’mos17:6).

Every mitzvah that each of us does has immense ramifications. We do not understand the greatness of every Jew – greater than the sun and the moon. “Kol Yisrael areivim zeh ba’zeh.” (“All Jewish people are responsible for one another” – Sh’vuos 39a) – every Jew is responsible for all of klal Yisrael. When a Jew moves in the wrong direction, it could be a catastrophe for the entire nation.

List of People Who Need a r’fuah sh’leimah (a complete recovery)

Please recite Psalms 20, 30, 88, 121, and 130.

Eliyahu ben Sophie

Yehudah Leon Yitzchak ben Esther

Yaakov ben Esther

Yosef Chaim ben Chanah Devorah

David ben Miriam

Eliyahu ben Rachel

Yitzchak ben Chanah Rinah

Tiran ben Basah

Zecharyah Shalom ben Batsheva Simchah

Elnathan ben Rozita

Yaakov Yosef ben Paya

Aharon Mordechai ben Sharon

Aharon Moshe ben Miriam

Binyamin ben Miriam


Chayah Esther bas Barbara

Esther Fruma bas Beila

Shiva bas Manzal

Tovah Yocheved bas Esther Bukas

Ruchamah Perel Malkah Leah bas Chanah Serel

Esther Hadassah bas Devorah

Sarah Miriam bas Chanah Batsheva

Rachel Leah bas Ita Yehudis

Chayah Rivkah bas Yocheved Keila

Yael Yehudis bas Sarah

Zohar Etana bas Henna Miriam

To add names of individuals who need a r’fuah sh’leimah to next week’s T’hilim column, please email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  and complete the Google form.