In every generation, a person must see himself as though he personally had gone out of Egypt, as it is said: “And you shall tell your son on that day, saying: ‘It is because of what the L-rd did for me when I came forth out of Egypt.’”

There are many interpretations of what it means to “see ourselves as if we left Egypt.” One well-known commentary is that each of us must try to imagine what it was like to have been a slave in Egypt and then look at ourselves as though we were personally redeemed. Another is that each person should consider the Exodus from Egypt as a personal miracle, done for his or her sake, since the redemption of our forefathers means that we ourselves do not have to be slaves today.

But there is another way to understand this obligation. According to the Chazal, the Egyptian exile is the root of all the future exiles that the Jewish people, as a nation, have experienced. (B’reishis Rabbah 16:4)

The Baal HaTanya explains that the main aspect of galus is galus ha’nefesh (exile of the soul) – when a Jew’s unique inner divine spark is in confinement and hidden from him. Without a connection to our Divine essence and to Hashem, we are no different from the animals that roam around the world.

Rebbe Nachman of Breslov further explains that the concept of “Mitzrayim” is a state of being where you cannot see Divine Providence in your life. It is really “meitzarim,” a narrow place of constriction and distress, darkness and slavery. It’s a place where the forces of nature seem so real and overpowering that you can witness wondrous miracles, but not be moved by them. You can see the sea split before your very eyes and attribute it all to nature: “Well, there must have been a really strong wind that day.”

Perhaps the biggest and most detrimental illusion of all is that we feel that we are trapped, that the gates of t’shuvah are closed to us and that we will never be able to break free from our personal shortcomings, imperfections, and blocks.

Each one of us is brought into the world to refine and perfect ourselves and ultimately bring the world to completion by revealing Hashem, Who is hidden, within it. In the upper realms, there is an image of who we could be, and our goal is to get ourselves “down here” to match the image “up there.”

(Material was previously published on

List of People Who Need a r’fuah sh’leimah (a complete recovery)

Please recite Psalms 20, 30, 88, 121, and 130.


Yossi Azriel ben Chayah Michal

Aviel ben Ktziyah Batyah

Eliyahu ben Sophia

Mordechai ben Rachel Anba

Nissim ben Devorah

Ezra ben Farida

Yossi ben Vardit

Yaakov ben Mazal

Nissan ben Yael

Yehoshua ben Miriam

Eliyahu ben Miriam

Aharon Mordechai ben Sharon

Moshe ben Rachel

Gavriel ben Imo-Shalom

Marik ben Tamara

Yitzchak ben Chanom Chanah

Yosef ben Leah

Shlomo ben Miriam

Shalom Baruch ben Malkah Freida

Ilay Eliezer ben Rivah Rivkah

Misha Moshe ben Tamara

Meir Yaakov ben Esther

Shlomo Hartzel ben Eka

Chaim Zanvil ben Sarah Dinah

Reuven HaKohen ben Golda

Amram ben Perla

Arkady Avraham ben Mazal

Itai ben Ahuvah

Eliyahu ben Rachel

Pinchas Yitzchak ben Beila

Yosef Gideon Yaakov ben Peninah

Yaakov Reuven ben Brachah

Rachamim ben Rachel Leah

Tzvi ben Ratza

Refael ben Alizah

Chaim ben Shula

Binyamin David ben Etel

David Aryeh ben Raiza


Tovah Yocheved bas Esther Bukas

Ruchamah Perel Malkah Leah bas Chanah Serel

Esther Hadasah bas Devorah

Alizah bas Miriam

Shoshanah Shurah bas Zina

Luna bas Rachel

Malkah bas Miriam

Malkah bas Reicha Shifrah

Adele bas Adi

Evon bas Sally

Karen bas Rachel

Chavah bas Sarah

Brachah Chanah bas Sarah

Tovah Chanah bas Sarah Devorah

Rachel bas Edith

Chanah Elianah bas Naomi

Gittel bas Malkah

Mira Gitta bas Beila Mariasha

Adele bas Sofia Sarah

To add names of individuals who need a r’fuah sh’leimah to next week’s T’hilim column, please email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  and complete the Google form.